Palmarosa - Cymbopogon martini

This oil is extracted from the fragrant leaves of a grass which was indigenous to India, where it was known as Indian Geranium. It has an unusual, exotic rose-like fragrance that is quite distinctive. Palmarosa oil is widely used in cosmetics where it helps to keep a healthy clear complexion. Balancing, toning and moisturizing.

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Data sheet

County of Origin Nepal
Botanical Family Poaceae
Therapeutic Properties Analgesic, anti-anxiety, anti-bacterial, anti-depressant, anti-fungal, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, calming, cicatrisant, febrifuge, immuno-stimulant, tonifying
Chemical Family Monoterpenols
Approx. Shelf Life 5 years
Plant Parts Grass
Note Classification Top | Middle
Method of Extraction Steam Distilled
Blends well with Geranium, Bergamot, Rosemary, Lime, Ylang-Ylang
% Chemical Compound Geraniol 85.70 Geranyl acetate 10.02 Linalool 1.23 beta-Caryophyllene 0.90 (E)-beta-Ocimene 0.67 (E,E)-Farnesol 0.35 (Z)-beta-Ocimene 0.13 Neral 0.10 Myrcene 0.06

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History: Palmarosa is a grass whose botanical name is Cymbopogon Martini. It has two varieties (also called chemotypes), namely, Motia & Sofia, which differ slightly in their aroma. Different producers give preference to different chemotypes as per the demand of the market. Extraction of essential oil is done by steam distillation of dried grass which is harvested before flowering. The chief constituents of this oil are geraniol, geranyl acetate, dipentene, linalool, limonene and myrcene. This oil smells like Rose Oil and hence got its name Palma Rosa. This is why it is sometimes used in place of Rose Oil and many a times adulterated with Rose Oil, being cheaper.

This oil is widely used as a flavouring agent in the food & beverages, soap, perfume, oil and cosmetics industries. It also has many medicinal uses which we shall see now.

Characteristics: This Palmarosa comes from Himalayan Mountains where the unique soil and climate impart a sweet floral-rosy aroma to the oil.  Palmarosa essential oil, when used in aromatherapy, gives a calming effect to everyone who inhales it. It will take down a fever quickly. This oil also boosts your immune system and is good for your skin.

Indications:

  • Anti Septic: We are very much familiar with the word “Septic” but we do not seem to understand its gravity, as most of us have not experienced it. It is a very painful situation caused due to infection in wounds (wounds are most prone to infections, being open and unprotected) and vulnerable internal organs such as urinary tracts, urinary bladder, urethra, colon, kidneys etc. It does not only trigger sudden, acute and unbearable pain but also gives cramps and convulsions. So, it is always advisable to take care of the wounds and any type of infection in the genitor-urinary organs. This can be done with the help of this oil. Applied externally on wounds, it protects them from infections and also kills the bacteria which have already grown on them. Taken internally, it inhibits the bacterial growth in the genitor-urinary tracts and gives effective protection against septic.
  • Anti Viral: Dealing with the viruses is not at all an easy task. This is not like killing bacteria. Viruses develop a protective coating on them, called cyst, which protects them from extremities in the surrounding and is so tough that it can withstand almost anything. Virus remains dormant within its cyst and whenever it finds a host, the cyst opens up and the virus relives and starts multiplying. It is at this stage that the Essential Oil of Palma Rosa checks and inhibits this duplicating of virus and eliminates them.
  • Bactericide: The Essential Oil of Palma Rosa is bactericidal in nature and inhibits bacterial growth by killing them. It is good in curing internal bacterial infections like colitis and those in colon, stomach, urinary bladder, prostrate, urethra & urinary tracts and kidneys etc. and external bacterial infections on skin, armpits, head, eyebrows & eyelids, ears etc.
  • Cytophylactic: The Palmarosa Oil is cytophylactic in nature. That means, it promotes growth of cells and recycling of the cellular matter. Thus it helps repair the damages (wear & tear) done to the body by aging, wounds and various other reasons and also in the overall growth of the body. Since it also promotes growth of the defensive cells of the body, therefore it strengthens the immune system also.
  • Digestive: Aiding digestion is yet another beneficial property of this oil. The secretion of digestive juices into the stomach is aggravated by this oil, thereby promoting digestion. It also aids absorption of the nutrients from the food.
  • Febrifuge: The Essential Oil of Palmarosa is capable of reducing fever by virtue of it anti viral, anti bacterial and anti septic properties. So, whether the fever is due to viral infection or due to bacteria, this oil can help you cool it down.
  • Hydrating: This is one of the soothing properties of Palma Rosa Essential Oil. It helps retain the moisture in the tissues and maintains the moisture balance. So, this can give relief from inflammation and certain other symptoms of dehydration and is particularly good for the skin. It keeps the skin soft and moist.
  • Other Benefits: When used in aromatherapy, it relaxes the muscles and nerves, fights depression, fatigue, anxiety, anger and nervousness and has an uplifting effect on the mind. Further, it helps cure sores, cracks on skin and Athlete’s Foot.

Safety: This oil is considered totally safe, being non irritant, non sensitizing and non toxic.

 

References:
Battaglia, S.  The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. The International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, Australia, 2005
Tisserand R. Young R.  Essential Oil Safety, second edition.  Churchhill Livingstone, UK, 2013
Sheppard-Hanger S. The Aromatherapy Practitioner Reference Manual.  Atlantic Institute of Aromatherapy, USA, 2000
Caddy R. Essential Oils in Colour.  Amberwood Publishing, UK, 2005
Lawless J. The encyclopaedia of Essential Oils.  Element Books Limited, GB, 1992
Caddy R. the Essential Blending Guide.  Amberwood Publishing, UK, 2007
Weaver W.W. Sauer’s Herbal Cures.  Routledge, UK, 2001
World Wide Web Encyclopeadia Britannica. USA, 2014
Photos attribution – istock Photos
Safety Considerations:
        Do not take essential oils internally.
        Do not apply to eyes, sensitive areas or mucous membranes.
        Do not apply undiluted to skin (for directions on proper dilution refer to an aromatherapy text).
        The information on this website is not intended to diagnose or prescribe.
        Pregnant women, nursing mothers and children should not use essential oils without first consulting a healthcare provider.
        The statements on this website have not been evaluated by the FDA.
        You should not use this information for treating a health problem or disease or to make a self-diagnosis.
        Contact your Health Care provider immediately if you suspect that you have a medical problem.
 Information and statements regarding Kelley products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any health condition or disease.  All information, content and product descriptions contained within this site is for reference purposes and is not intended to substitute advice given by a pharmacist, physician, or other licensed health-care professional. You should not use this information for treating a health problem or disease or to make a self-diagnosis.  Contact your Health Care provider immediately if you suspect that you have a medical problem.
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    Palmarosa - Cymbopogon martini

    Palmarosa - Cymbopogon martini

    This oil is extracted from the fragrant leaves of a grass which was indigenous to India, where it was known as Indian Geranium. It has an unusual, exotic rose-like fragrance that is quite distinctive. Palmarosa oil is widely used in cosmetics where it helps to keep a healthy clear complexion. Balancing, toning and moisturizing.

    Write your review

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    Anti-inflammatory Anti-septic Anti-spasmodic Anti-bacterial Analgesic Anti-viral Monoterpenes Anti-fungal Anti-anxiety Anti-depressant Sedative Carminative Expectorant Anti-microbial Middle Note Stomachic Anti-infectious Top|Middle Note Anti-oxidant Immuno-stimulant Monoterpenols Lamiaceae Stimulant Tonic Diuretic Esters Anti-rheumatic Emmenagogue Digestive tonic Astringent Sesquiterpenes Hypotensive Nervine Top Note Decongestant Cicatrisant Mucolytic CNS tonic Ketone Immune support Deodorant Rutaceae Cephalic Energizing Digestive stimulant Rubefacient Middle|Base Note Insect repellent Base Note voucher code gift certificate gift Myrtaceae Vermifuge Febrifuge Anti-convulsant Disinfectant Oxides Liver supporter Tonifying Phenols Aldehydes Asteraceae Strengthening Ethers Anti-emetic Aphrodisiac Lauraceae Wound healing Sesquiterpenols CNS depressant Lymph decongest Poaceae Calming Depurative Apiaceae Annonaceae Anti-tussive Warming Vein tonic Pinaceae Anti-asthmatic CNS sedative Lymphatic support Burseraceae Cooling Anti-allergenic Digestive Anti-arthritic Cupressaceae Zingiberaceae Estrogenic Umbelliferae Hepatic Diaphoretic Cholagogue Geraniaceae Neurotoxin Vasodilator Anti-pyretic Circulatory Santalaceae Uterine tonic Oleaceae Anti-eutagic Valerianaceae Piperaceae Myristicaceae Circulatory stimulant Aldehyde Cistaceae Vulnerary Uterine stimulant Aperitive Anti-phlogistic Counter irritant Alcohol phenolic ether muscle relaxant anti parasitic anit-fungal ANTIVIRAL ANTISETIC antibCTERIAL